WALL CLADDINGS – INSTALLATION PROCESS
Prepare the surface. Stone veneer can be applied to any masonry surface such as concrete, existing brick, or foundation cinder block. If you’re working with wood or any other non-masonry surface, you can create an appropriate surface by surrounding the non-masonry surface with a water barrier.
Apply a moisture vapour barrier if you’re doing an exterior application or ensure that waterproofing is done properly.
Create a scratch coat with mortar. You can make mortar by mixing 2 or 3 parts washed sand with 1 part cement and adding water, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. With a trowel, cover the entire surface of the lath with this mixture, about 1/2 to 3/4 inches (1.27 cm to 1.905 cm) thick.
Mix the mortar, following the same ratio you used for the scratch coat. Mix for a minimum of 5 minutes, until you’ve achieved the consistency of mashed potatoes. Too wet and your mortar will lose strength. Too dry and your mortar will seize up too quickly.
Before the scratch coat dries, scrape horizontal grooves into the scratch coat. Use a metal scraper or a scrap piece of the lath material. Allow the scratch coat to set up, or cure, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Now, you are ready to apply your stone veneer.
Determine the layout of the stones. It’s helpful to do a dry run and think about the layout of the stones as they will appear on the wall. Spending a little extra time configuring their placement now will save you the headache of excessive trimming later.
If it’s helpful, do the dry run on the ground instead of trying to hold the stones up against the wall. The basic arrangement of the stones should transfer.
Use a chipping hammer, trowel edge, or other blunt tool, to trim the stones to shape. The stones themselves should be fairly easy to shape. You will be able to hide the trimmed edges later, using grout, so don’t worry if the edges aren’t perfectly rounded.
Backbutter the mortar onto the stone pieces one by one. Try to keep the backbuttered mortar about 1/2 inch (1.27 cm) thick. If you happen to get any mortar on the face of the stone, wipe it away with a damp towel before it dries.
Start installing the stones, beginning in the bottom corners. Turn any trimmed edges either directly up or down, away from the focal point. Press the stones into the mortar, twisting them slightly to squeeze out some of the excess and strengthen the bond. Use a trowel, joint tool, or brush to remove any excess mortar that has been forced beyond the finished joint, or onto the surface of the stone itself.
Keep the joints consistent to achieve the most appealing result. You probably want your joints to be between 1 and 3 inches (2.5 and 7.5 cm) long.
Continue backbuttering and laying stone until the entire wall is finished. Take period breaks; step back and prospect your work every so often. If you are installing veneer across more than one face of a wall, consider getting corner stone pieces. Most stone veneer manufacturers make them, and they add an easy naturalness to the project.
When finished placing all the stones, fill the joints with a grout bag. Best results come from using a grout bag. During this step, conceal any trimmed edges. Use a striking tool to get the joints to the desired depth as the mortar stiffens.
Clean away any excess particles with plain water and a whisk broom. Be sure to remove any stray mortar from the face of the stone within 30 minutes — mortar will be impossible to remove after 24 hours.
Use a paint brush to clean up the mortared joints before the mortar sets completely. Do this especially if working inside, as inside stone wants a more polished look.
Apply a sealer, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Sealed stone will be easier to clean and maintain, and some sealers will repel stains. Reapply the sealer periodically to maximize the advantages. be advised some sealers will change the colour of the stone or create a "wet" glossy look.
WALL CLADDINGS– TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Litrock™ products feature the addition of water based water repellent that greatly enhances the stones performance in humid climate. Water repellent is mixed with the composite material during manufacturing, providing a more lasting effect than spray, brush or paint method. However, this does not remove the need for proper waterproofing to be done of the building where the product is being installed.
Litrock™ products show zero flame spread and zero smoke development.
Material composition: Portland cement, Light weight aggregates, and iron oxide pigments.